Whole Prediabetes: A Family-Centered Whole Foods Diet in Adults With Prediabetes and Their Offspring

Whole Prediabetes: A Family-Centered Whole Foods Diet in Adults With Prediabetes and Their Offspring

This dietary program is based on empirical evidence showing that a diet pattern that favors minimally processed and whole foods (e.g., whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts) in contrast to diet patterns with greater consumption of highly refined and ultra-processed foods are attributed to greater reductions in HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose and a reduced risk for T2D. This evidence comes primarily from prospective cohort and clinical studies of 1) adult populations without diabetes (including type 2 and pre-diabetes) and 2) adult populations with active T2D. Studies of family dietary interventions for transgenerational T2D prevention are lacking.

Studies have focused primarily on structured diet patterns such as the Mediterranean style, Vegetarian or Vegan, Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), carbohydrate-restricted, and low-fat. Evidence supports that the diet patterns most effective for T2D risk reduction focused on primarily whole food consumption (e.g., Mediterranean-style, Vegetarian, and DASH). Yet, less attention has been given to studying the effectiveness of the Dietary Guidelines for American’s (DGA) diet pattern which forms the basis of nutrition advice in the U.S. and is the guiding nutrition framework used for federal nutrition policy. Moreover, a benefit of the recent DGA is its customizable approach to diet.

Recognizing the importance of a whole foods structured diet and the recent shift of the Dietary Guidelines for American’s DGA diet pattern towards a customizable, family-centered, whole foods approach, studies that test the effectiveness of a DGA-structured diet for T2D risk reduction should be prioritized. Before conducting efficacy and effectiveness trails, pilot data is needed to determine the feasibility and acceptability of using this family-centered diet approach in a population at “high risk” for T2D. Applying a family-lens where a transgenerational approach can be used to prevent T2D is necessary.

Therefore, this program aims are to design and test the feasibility of delivering a whole foods diet pattern using a family centered approach in a population at risk for T2D- adults with prediabetes and their “at-risk” biological offspring.

Source: View full study details on ClinicalTrials.gov

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October 7, 2022Comments OffClinicalTrials.gov | Endocrinology Clinical Trials | Endocrinology Studies | US National Library of Medicine
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