Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of anovulatory infertility among young women. This syndrome is a reproductive and endocrinological disorder that affects up to 18% of reproductive-aged women. To date, the only strategy shown to reverse PCOS is sustained weight loss of 5-10%. At present, daily calorie restriction (CR) is the main diet prescribed to patients with PCOS for weight loss. However, some women find it difficult to adhere to CR because calorie intake must be vigilantly monitored every day. Considering these problems with CR, another approach that limits timing of food intake, instead of number of calories consumed, has been developed. This diet is called “time restricted eating” (TRE) and involves confining the period of food intake to 6-8 h per day. TRE allows individuals to self-select foods and eat ad libitum during a large part of the day, which greatly increases compliance to these protocols. Recent findings show that TRE significantly reduces body weight, insulin resistance, and inflammation in adults with obesity. However, no randomized controlled trials have studied the role of TRE in treating PCOS.
Accordingly, this study will compare the effects of TRE vs CR in females with PCOS over 6 months on body weight, androgen markers, inflammatory markers and insulin sensitivity.
Methods: A 6-month randomized, controlled, parallel-arm trial will be implemented. Females with obesity and PCOS will be randomized to 1 of 3 groups: (1) 6-h TRE (ad libitum food intake from 1-7 pm, fasting from 7pm-1pm); (2) CR (25% energy restriction daily); or (3) control group (ad libitum intake with no meal timing restrictions).
Source: View full study details on ClinicalTrials.gov
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