The Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS17) is a 17-item questionnaire assessing the severity of problems of living with diabetes. Participants indicate the degree to which each item impacts their life on a 6-point scale where 1 = not a problem and 6 = a very serious problem. The scores are summed and divided by 17 to generate an average score that can range from 1 to 6. Scores of 3 or more are considered high distress.
The DDS17 has 4 sub-scores.
A. Emotional burden, uses items 1,4, 7, 10, and 14 summed and divided by 5 to generate an average score.
B. Physician distress, uses items 2, 5, 11, and15 summed and divided by 4 to generate an average score.
C. Regimen distress, uses item 6, 8, 3, 12, and 16 summed and divided by 5 to generate an average score.
D. Interpersonal distress, uses item 9,13, and 17 summed and divided by 3 to generate an average score.
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