Heart failure (HF) has significant morbidity and mortality and is one of the leading causes of hospital admissions in the United States. In 2017, almost 1 million people were affected and responsible for 1.2 million hospitalizations in the United States alone. Prognosis is poor for patients with HF despite significant medical therapy regimens and device therapy. Worldwide, mortality is as high as 17% during initial hospitalization, as high as 45% within one year of admission, and greater than 50% within five years. According to the Wisconsin Department of Health Services, mortality rates for HF have been increasing in the state since 1980. Wisconsin also consistently had higher rates of HF compared to the remaining states.
Emerging data suggest targeting the gut microbiota in HFrEF could be a safe and effective alternative for mitigating inflammation. HFrEF patients have increased systemic circulating endotoxins and lipopolysaccharides due to impaired gut-barrier function, secondary to gut congestion and reduced cardiac output, which drives systemic inflammation. The gut flora of patients with HFrEF also includes more pathogenic bacteria species (candida, campylobacter, shigella, and yersinia) compared to patients with normal heart function.
Previous studies by our lab showed that supplementation of 20 billion cfu/day of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v (Lp299v) probiotic decreases systemic inflammation in men with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), and also improves vascular endothelial function (measured by endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the brachial artery and by nitric-oxide dependent vasodilation of resistance arterioles from CAD patients). We have shown that there are significantly decreased levels of IL-8, IL-12 and Leptin in Lp299v-supplemented patients with CAD. Leptin is known to increase IL-6 (which drives increased C-reactive protein expression), IL-8, IL-12 and TNF-α levels, all which activate pro-inflammatory immune responses leading to vasoconstriction and vascular stiffness. Further, our data suggests Lp299v has a significant, favorable anti-inflammatory effect on signaling pathways (NLRP3, IL-6, IL-1β) shown to be important to chronic inflammation in heart failure.
Therefore, we plan to perform a pilot study targeting the gut microbiota of patients with HFrEF with oral supplementation with 20 billion cfu/day of Lp299 and determine if Lp299v improves peak oxygen consumption (measured by VO2 max testing), endothelial function (measured by brachial artery flow-mediated dilation), and vascular stiffness (measured by peak wave velocity). We plan to test our hypothesis that Lp299v will improve these measures in the setting of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 20 subjects. We will additionally test if Lp299v supplementation improves circulating biomarkers of inflammation and cardiac remodeling in chronic heart failure, as well as if it improves the quality of life in patients using the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire and the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire.
Source: View full study details on ClinicalTrials.gov
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. By listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.