Premature ovarian failure is a loss of normal function before age 40, leading to infertility and hypoestrogenism. While POI is sometimes called premature menopause, it is not the same thing as menopause. Women with POI may still have occasional irregular periods and may even occasionally achieve a pregnancy. Symptoms of POI include: irregular menses or amenorrhea, infertility, hypoestrogenic symptoms and decreased libido. POI may be caused by Chromosomal defects such as mosaic Turner’s syndrome, exposure to toxins (chemotherapy or radiation), autoimmunity, genetic factors (FMR1) and other unknown factors.
Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma (A-PRP) is plasma with a concentration of platelets above the blood baseline. A-PRP is developed from autologous blood. Within A-PRP, the concentration of platelets delivers an increased number of growth factors. In this study A-PRP will be prepared using Regen Lab PRP Kit which is approved by US-FDA for preparation of PRP.
PRP is becoming widely used in a variety of medical procedures seeking tissue remodeling and/or healing as an intervention. To date, applications in orthopedics, wound healing, dermatology and plastic surgery have gained general acceptance, primarily as the role of platelets and their activation in tissue repair and recovery has become better understood at a cellular and molecular level. This knowledge base provides a foundation for the present study because of the ready availability of FDA-approved kits for autologous PRP preparations and the recognition that the aging ovary acquires tissue pathologies in the form of wound healing and fibrosis as a result of repeat ovulations over the reproductive lifespan of women. Since PRP is an autologous blood product, and is widely used via injection into various organs and tissues, safety concerns are minimal.
This study will involve only adult women with a diagnosis of POI. Consenting participants will receive injections of autologous Platelet RIch Plasma (A-PRP) in one randomly selected ovary under ultrasound guidance performed after induction of IV sedation. Randomization will determine whether the right or left ovary will be treated. The result of randomization will not be recorded in the participants clinical chart, but will be maintained in the research database with blinding to all clinical participants. The physician performing the A-PRP administration will not perform post procedure follow-up of those patients. In case of a complication, possibly related to treatment, the case will be unblinded.
The study will be powered to detect a 20% response in the treated ovary (every patient’s 2nd ovary will serve as control). This will require 68 ovaries and 34 patients. The study, thus, does not involve randomization of patients because each patient’s second ovary functions as control ovary, although which ovary will receive treatment in a given patient will be determined by computer randomization.
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