Postmenopausal women with diabetes mellitus have a higher risk of osteoporotic fractures, with significant associated mortality and morbidity. Osteoporosis is underdiagnosed in diabetes, as the bone mineral density (BMD) as currently measured is often normal despite underlying abnormalities. The trabecular bone score (TBS) is a novel modality to assess bone microarchitecture and accurately assess fracture risk in patients with diabetes. Due to increased co-prevalence of osteoporosis and diabetes mellitus, the potential effects of antidiabetic medications on fracture risk assume importance.
Based on findings in animal studies, we hypothesize that GLP-1 receptor agonists increase TBS in postmenopausal women with (T2DM). The investigators propose a prospective non-randomized study by enrolling 48 patients (24 in the GLP-1 group and 24 in the non-GLP group). Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA )scans, markers of bone formation, and resorption, and selected inflammatory markers will be assessed at baseline, six months, and one year.
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