Circadian Time Restricted Eating

Circadian Time Restricted Eating

A vast majority of research has focused on the over consumption of foods, dietary patterns, and inactivity as causes of weight gain. There is growing evidence which suggests that calories consumed during the night might be responsible for weight gain than calories consumed during the day. Although, intermittent fasting interventions have become popular, there are currently no interventions that take the circadian timing of eating into account. In this pilot cohort, we will determine the impact of a personalized circadian-timed intervention on cardiometabolic health and weight management in overweight adults.
There is data that demonstrates that the time in which an individual eats relative to their circadian night is associated with a higher body fat composition, regardless of the amount or content of their meals, and lower energy expenditure. Furthermore, it has also been shown that circadian phase (e.g., time of meal during day or night) has an independent adverse effect on glucose metabolism, and late meal timing may impair glucose tolerance. Although “time-restricted feeding” interventions have focused on drastic reductions in the time interval between first and last daily meal consumption, independent of circadian phase, and have observed improved cardiometabolic health and weight loss, they may not be as beneficial for health or practical for all individuals as clock hour may not accurately reflect internal circadian time. Our preliminary data shows that similarly-aged individuals living in the same city exhibit a range of >11h difference in the timing of DLMO. Thus, a strict time cut-off to stop consuming calories may work for some individuals, but not for others.
The goals of this study are to create a personalized, circadian-based time restricted feeding intervention for each participant, that will acutely (5 weeks) improve cardiometabolic health independent of weight loss in overweight adults, as well as chronically (16 weeks) decrease weight and improve cardiometabolic health in overweight adults. The protocol is a 46 day prospective cohort study that includes both field and in-laboratory data collection in overweight and obese individuals. Participants will adhere to a restricted-eating schedule for approximately 46 days or 16 weeks and will be asked to otherwise maintain their regular eating habits. Based on preliminary data, the outcomes that we will focus on will be indices of hemodynamics (blood pressure, heart rate), cholesterol (total, low-density and high-density lipoproteins), hemoglobin A1c, weight, and percent body fat.

Biobehavioral Laboratory Visit: Participants will be asked to visit the OHSU SON Biobehavioral Laboratory space in dim-light settings, which will involve an evening stay (~7.5h) to measure circadian markers, body composition, blood pressure, and questionnaire data. Saliva samples will also be collected via salivettes in order to measure the hormone melatonin and determine each participants’ dim-light melatonin onset (DLMO). Participants will then be randomized into either continuing their regular behaviors or be assigned a personalized eating schedule that they will maintain for up to 16 weeks.
Ambulatory Monitoring: Participants who were assigned a personalized eating schedule will adhere to their schedule for the duration of the study (46 days or 16 weeks) and will intermittently keep track of their eating schedule and sleep to ensure the protocol is being followed. This includes not eating within a 4-hour window of DLMO and sleep onset. Participants who were not assigned a restricted eating schedule will continue with their normal dietary habits. During weeks 0 (baseline), 1, 5, 10 and 16, participants will be asked to wear an actigraphy device, keep sleep logs, and track all meals using a mobile food track application. Drugs, medications, caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine are prohibited for the duration of the study and a toxicology analysis will be performed during the initial biobehavioral laboratory visit.
Blood Biomarkers: At baseline, week 5, and week 16, participants will visit the OCTRI outpatient clinic for a blood draw to obtain blood lipids, glucose, and hemoglobin A1c, as well as other blood variables that will be measured with an ~10mL blood draw.

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November 29, 2022Comments OffCardiology | Cardiology Clinical Trials | Cardiology Studies | | Drug Trials Near Me | US National Library of Medicine